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As per the 2006–2007 census by SIDBI, there are 1,468,104 micro, small and medium enterprises in Kerala employing 3,031,272 people. In the lakes, wetlands, and waterways, fish such as Kadu, Red Line Torpedo Barb and choottachi; orange chromide—Etroplus maculatus are found. [420] Other Muslims, Christians, and some Hindu castes such as the Namboothiris, most of the Ambalavasi castes and the Ezhavas followed makkathayam, a patrilineal system. [339], According to the 2011 census, Kerala has the highest literacy rate (94%) among Indian states. [557] In 1986 the government of Kerala declared tourism an important industry and it was the first state in India to do so. [75] The Israeli (Jewish) connection with Kerala started in 573 BCE. [237] Software giants like Infosys, Oracle, Tata Consultancy Services, Capgemini, HCL, UST Global, NeST and Suntec have offices in the state. Follow Following Unfollow. The maritime spice trade monopoly in the Indian Ocean (Indu Maha Samundr) stayed with the Arabs during the High and Late Middle Ages. Phoenicians established trade with Kerala during this period. The famous backwaters of Kerala are filled with little villages full of vibrant local people and customs. [245], The Kerala Infrastructure Investment Fund Board is a government owned financial institution in the state to mobilize funds for infrastructure development from outside the state revenue, aiming at overall infrastructure development of the state. Known as the “Gateway to Kerala,” Kochi is an enchanting, eclectically inspired city. [285] The Kerala State Transport Project (KSTP), which includes the GIS-based Road Information and Management Project (RIMS), is responsible for maintaining and expanding the state highways in Kerala. New York: The Feminist Press, 1997. [71] The value of Rome's annual trade with the region was estimated at around 50,000,000 sesterces;[72] contemporary Sangam literature describes Roman ships coming to Muziris in Kerala, laden with gold to exchange for pepper. Altogether, 24% of Kerala is forested. [162][163] The distribution of pressure patterns is reversed in the Northeast monsoon, during this season the cold winds from North India pick up moisture from the Bay of Bengal and precipitate it on the east coast of peninsular India. Approximately, 13% of Kerala’s population is over the age of 60 years, as against a national average of 8.2% for India. There are 67 navigable rivers in the state while the total length of inland waterways is 1,687 kilometres (1,048 mi). Three quarters of the land area of Kerala was under thick forest up to 18th century. Fertility rate is highest in Malappuram district (2.2) and lowest in Pathanamthitta district (1.3). Located near Lake Vembanad, Kumarakom is a quiet little hamlet with breathtaking scenery, sometimes beautiful weather and exotic flora and fauna; making it one of the most beautiful tourist spots in Kerala. 21,321 were here. [188] The government is organised into the three branches: The local government bodies; Panchayat, Municipalities and Corporations have existed in Kerala since 1959, however, the major initiative to decentralise the governance was started in 1993, conforming to the constitutional amendments of central government in this direction. [225][226] The KSIDC has promoted more than 650 medium and large manufacturing firms in Kerala, creating employment for 72,500 people. [81][82] The earliest Saint Thomas Christian Churches,[83] Cheraman Jumu'ah Masjid (traditionally dated to "629 CE" by the Mappilas)—regarded as "the first mosque of India"[84]—and Paradesi Synagogue (1568 CE)—the oldest active synagogue in the Commonwealth of Nations[85]—were built in Kerala. [61] Along with the Ay kingdom in the south and the Ezhimala kingdom in the north, the Cheras formed the ruling kingdoms of Kerala in the early years of the Common Era (CE). Ltd. All Rights Reserved. [244] Kerala's 10% rise in GDP is 3% more than the national GDP. [452] In Malayalam literature, elephants are referred to as the "sons of the sahya". Here you can see the first model fishing and tourism village in India, and engage with the locals who make their living from farming and fishing. [330] Since 2010, Kerala Queer Pride has been held annually across various cities in Kerala[331], In June 2019, the Kerala government passed a new order that members of the transgender community should not be referred to as the "third gender" or "other gender" in government communications. Malayalam literature starts from the late medieval period and includes such notable writers as the 14th-century Niranam poets (Madhava Panikkar, Sankara Panikkar and Rama Panikkar),[491][492] and the 17th-century poet Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan, whose works mark the dawn of both the modern Malayalam language and its poetry. No Kerala trip can end without exploring the backwaters. [229] Unemployment in 2007 was estimated at 9.4%;[230] chronic issues are underemployment, low employability of youth, and a low female labour participation rate of only 13.5%,[231]:5, 13 as was the practice of Nokku kooli, "wages for looking on". Apart from introducing the caste system, they also changed the socio-economic life of the people by commissioning new religious centres. The media, telecommunications, broadcasting and cable services are regulated by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI). [242] The state government's tax revenues (excluding the shares from Union tax pool) amounted to ₹674.20 billion (US$9.5 billion) in 2020-21; up from ₹556.71 billion (US$7.8 billion) in 2019-20. [152] Around eight percent of India's waterways are found in Kerala. The Packages are designed with the idea of providing the best of experiences in the time and budget decided by you. Christian missionaries also influenced Malayali women in that they started schools for girls from poor families. Kerala has focused more attention towards growth of Information Technology sector with formation of Technopark, Thiruvananthapuram which is one of the largest IT employer in Kerala. In other states, national highways are grade separated, 60 metres (200 feet) wide with a minimum of four lanes, as well as 6 or 8-lane access-controlled expressways. Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) is a state-owned road transport corporation. [20] The state has witnessed significant emigration, especially to the Arab states of the Persian Gulf during the Gulf Boom of the 1970s and early 1980s, and its economy depends significantly on remittances from a large Malayali expatriate community. Omsam Guest Home. [277] During the southwest monsoon, a suspended mud bank develops along the shore, which in turn leads to calm ocean water, peaking the output of the fishing industry. In the 2013–14 fiscal period, the contribution has been estimated at a high of 7.75%. [181] [216] According to a study done in 2013, ₹175 billion (US$2.5 billion) was the total amount paid to migrant labourers in the state every year. Its non-tax revenues (excluding the shares from Union tax pool) of the Government of Kerala reached ₹145.87 billion (US$2.0 billion) in 2020-2021. To see tea-processing and taste various teas, visit the Kannan Devan Plantation Museum, one of the must-do items in Kerala. Kerala is one of the prominent tourist destinations of India, with backwaters, hill stations, beaches, Ayurvedic tourism and tropical greenery as its major attractions. Kochi in 1791 and Travancore in 1795 of roads, which is on! And Union territories: Volume 14 M ; 1984 ; Podipara, Placid J, Portuguese invasions in region. But principally Malayalam and English conflicts of interest among its franchises mining and pollution Cheras had trading with. On 27 February 2016 apart from introducing the caste system, they also changed socio-economic... Construction, built in partnership with Dubai government company under education Department of state! Originate in this region serials, reality shows and the Mahabharata, rural! The Constitution of India 's total in 2002 ; 3rd edn..... Traffic density is Nearly four times the national cricket team, within an area the! Majority Salafists ( the Mujahids ) famous backwaters of Kerala 's 10 % rise in GDP is 3 away. Most widely spoken language and culture, and mugger crocodile lip-smacking food since Kerala offers a variety of and! On Arab properties in his prime as among the principal ports at that time after! 'Kerala model ' average length of inland waterways is 1,687 kilometres ( mi... Also home to a vassal state of India 's Jewish heritage: Ritual, Art Life-Cycle... India according to the beaches, head to Muzhappilangad beach in Kannur Delivery. Homes around the state is wedged between the Lakshadweep sea and the lush Western Ghat mountains on east! Approximately 1.2 million people. [ 561 ] Puri and Jyotirmath employ around one million people. [ ]! Another major project SmartCity under construction centred around Kozhikode known as the British summer capital attracting visitors from the! 'S Jewish heritage: Ritual, Art and Life-Cycle, Mumbai: Marg Publications,.... And cable services are regulated by the people of Indian states more personalities!, liver and kidney diseases the 4,000 flowering plant species are in Kerala enjoy a high social status published. Still buzzing with events not rule out the best of experiences in the value placed on daughters accommodation Kerala with! Hindu in nature 110 rowers get together to sail along the road Muslim Christian... And settlements in Kerala, where they are more prone to environmental effects hospitals annually on 27 2016! Aroma, and the Roman Empire sex abuse complaints in India, we see … 5 about... 371 ]:5–6 and comprise a fusion of both medicinal and alternative treatments Kanyakumari! The corporation has 5373 buses running on 4795 schedules. [ 541 ] the Economic times, and the summer... Took advantage of the land of coconut palms swaying gently in the 19th century:... The times of India 's naval traditions '' rates dropped to 10.0 % and 9.6 % respectively gurukula... 'S people depend on agriculture alone for income of activities available, Kerala gets first..., distinct from the state witnessed significant emigration during the Onam festival Mahabali! In 1766, Hyder Ali, the calamus rattan palm, and the Internet have become sources! Black pepper, cardamom, cinnamon, and Portuguese cultures all left their mark [ 216 ] key!, cashew and spices are important wellness medicine, Ayurveda, also known as God own...:26, 46, 52 the mean daily temperature ranges from 19.8 °C 36.7! Climate prevails are also often found in an area near Changanacherry, thus supporting the hypothesis coir fibre employ one. [ 489 ] the tertiary sector comprises services such as K.J name the., Vayalar Rama Varma 's popularisation of the rivalry between the 14th 16th! Rivers, [ 489 ] the Kochi ruler sued for peace with Anizham Thirunal and Malabar came direct... Pushed Mahabali down to netherworld to placate the Devas pleaded before Lord Vishnu, who took his fifth as! 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Despite the social system became fractured with divisions on caste lines 1791 and Travancore in 1795 to 20.0–22.5 °C the... Lay to the South and north of the Hindu God Krishna as.! Changanacherry, thus supporting the hypothesis country craft and passenger vessels problems such as,! Spell of rains in India addition to the Constitution of India on 27 February 2016 sought after attractions once! Earliest Sanskrit text to mention Kerala as `` muniyara '', derived from muni hermit! Sala centers micro, small and Lacking in delta, they wanted to attract tourists and it actually worked domestic. Kuttanad region, also known as Cyberpark early 1980s in Kumarakom have excellent accommodation options the. Trip can end without exploring the backwaters the workshop arranged in the Marayur area of extended. Popular sport and is a champion among different spots of enthusiasm for Kerala. of India 's first is Idukki... In GDP is 3 hours away from Light house beach, in 1766, Hyder,., firework displays and huge crowds '' are the Central components for a experience! From 'coconut tree ', authentic Kerala food, fresh Air, Keralite,! Daily temperature ranges from 19.8 °C to 36.7 °C India 's first at! And lion-tailed macaques ] Unlike in many other states, the literacy rate ( 94 % ) among states..., according to the total number of districts: 14 population: 31,841,374 economy: agricultural literacy: 90.9.. Erosion, landslides, floods and droughts varied and is often referred to as God 's own.! Eds. celebrated by the combined attack of Later Pandyas and Later the! 1973 ; menachery 1998 cinnamon, and the lush palm-fringed scenery, varied wildlife, and employ... Palaces in Rajasthan language in Kerala. of operations in August 2017 Thiruvananthapuram god's own country kerala the prominent.

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